For this seminar I prepared by reading the assigned research paper on Body Ownership Illusions and if they can affect performance when drumming based on the body you perceive to have, as well as choosing a research paper of my own. These were then dissected with respect to the quality of their quantitative methods.
I also attended the lecture and the seminar. As usual, the seminar gave a lot. We had a fruitful discussion on the nature of quantitative methods as opposed to qualitative methods, but the discussion largely dwelt on the nature of qualitative methods.
At first our discussion dealt with quantitative data, and we agreed upon that quantitative data is categorised as data that can be used in calculations. We then tried to put it in contrast to qualitative data, and while we felt sure we could define qualitative data, we were unsure how you could scientifically analyse it. At first we wondered if you would try to analyse it in a kind of quantitative way, that is that we wondered if you would check how often a certain answer would come up in the qualitative data and try to find correlations
We later rejected this after reasoning with the seminar leader and came to the conclusion that analysing qualitative data would be conducted in the way that you would try to find correlations in the data between the participants, and that you necessarily can’t reach a good and easy answer in the way you often do in quantitative research, but that you instead often reach long, complex answers.
Another important insight we reached was that the use of quantitative or qualitative methods depends entirely on what you are researching. Sometimes you can use both, but one of them is more suitable, and sometimes you lose parts of what you’re investigating if you try to use one or the other. Some questions can’t be answered quantitatively or qualitatively.
One thought that came up often during the seminar, both in our group and when discussing the whole class was the preconception that quantitative data in some way is more objective that qualitative. This is of course not true since quantitative data also is affected by our faculties of conceptions as well as the fact that we’ve had different paradigms in science of what is "true".
Another thing we discussed was that we often are prone to applying quantitative methods to answer questions since we often want a short and easy answer instead of a long, complex one, even if this answer may not be as good an answer as the long, complex one.
So different questions demand different methods, and we discussed the paper about Body Ownership Illusions with this in mind. In it they employed a quantitative method to measure performance in participants when drumming. This method was chosen over a qualitative method since the latter would not take sub-conscious behaviour into consideration, and would therefore not provide as good an answer to the proposed question.